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Sunday, 13 January 2019

Juz Amma in a nutshell by The Quraan Project

  1. Surah an-Naba:  The Surah gives an important news or message.  It tells us that the Day of Decision is coming. This beautiful and orderly universe is pointing to the Day of Decision. Allah will bring all people to judgment.  The wicked will be thrown in the hell and the righteous will receive their reward from Allah.
  2. Surah an-Nazi'at: It speaks about Allah's angels who take the souls at the time of death. As Allah has power to take away the souls, as He has created the whole universe, He also has the power to resurrect people after their death. The story of Prophet Moses and Pharaoh is mentioned to warn the people about the consequences of arrogant pride which leads to the denial of the truth.
  3. Surah 'Abasa:. The Surah begins with the incident of a blind man (Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum) who came to the Prophet to seek knowledge, while the chiefs of Makkah were denying the message. It talks about the greatness of Allah's message.  Those who will accept this message they will benefit from it.  But those who deny this message they are bringing harm to their own selves.
  4. Surah al-Infitar:  The Surah reminds human being that Allah has given them a wonderful proportionate shape, but they and the whole universe are totally dependent upon Allah.  The creation has a purpose and the Day of Judgment will come.
  5. Surah al-Mutaffifin: The Surah warns those who commit fraud in business. It reminds about honest dealings. The righteous will prosper. Allah has the record of every person.
  6. Surah al-Inshiqaq: This Surah tells us that this world has no permanence.  It also speaks about the record of deeds and the rewards of the righteous and the punishment of the wicked.  It reminds people to pay attention to the Qur'an.
  7. Surah al-Buruj: The Surah speaks about the persecution of the Believers.  Allah watches over His own people and He will bring His enemies to judgment. The Surah warns the opponents of this message. Their end might be the same as that of many nations before who denied Allah's message and persecuted the Believers.
  8. Surah at-Tariq: Every thing in this universe is working under the protection and supervision of the great Keeper.  The creation of human beings as well as the creation of this universe is not a joke. The creation is a serious work of Allah and so is His word, the Qur'an.
  9. Surah al-A'la: The Surah speaks about the praise of Allah the Most High. He created everything. He created the human being and gave him capacity to make progress. Man can make progress if he obeys Allah's rules. The Qur'an is the message from Allah and He will guard it. The Prophet should continue giving the message to others. Those who accept it will benefit from it, but those who will reject it they will be the losers.  It talks about the 'Akhirah and that this message is the same that was given to Prophets Ibrahim and Moses.
  10. Surah al-Ghashiyah: The Surah talks about the coming calamity that will cover everything.  The humanity will be divided into two groups: the frightened, tired and exhausted group, and the joyful and happy group.  Then the attention is drawn to this wonderful that Allah has created.  The Prophet is told to remind people. His mission is to remind only, not to impose the message. Allah will make the final judgment.
  11. Surah al-Fajr: The Surah talks about the judgment of Allah: the reward and punishment that will take place in the hereafter.
  12. Surah al-Shams:  The Surah tells us that as there is a contrast between sun and moon, night and day, heaven and earth, so there is also a big difference between good and evil.
  13. Surah al-Layl:  It has basically the same theme as the previous Surah, but it tells us about the two ways of life: good way and evil way and the consequences of both ways.
  14. Surah ad-Dhuha:  This Surah gives the message of hope and consolation.  It reminds about Allah's blessings and the way the Believers should take these blessings.
  15. Surah al Insharah: The Surah tells us that the Believers should not give up under difficulties and stress. There will be ease after difficulties.
  16. Surah at-Tin: The conclusion is drawn that Allah's judgment will come.
  17. Surah al-'Alaq: The first five verses are among the first that were revealed to the Prophet (saw) in the cave of Hira.  Then the rest of the Surah was revealed when the message was presented to the people of Makkah and they began threatening the Prophet. The Surah speaks about the humble beginning of human beings, but the high position that they can receive if they follow the message of Allah.
  18. Surah al-Qadr: The Surah talks about the majesty and glory of the Qur'an and the time in which the Qur'an was revealed.
  19. Surah al-Bayyinah: The Surah tells us that Prophet Muhammad came with a clear message and a Divine Book.  This Book (the Qur’an) contains the basic message of all the Prophets of Allah. It also draws attention to the different ends of those who follow the right path and those who turn away from the truth
  20.  Surah al-Zilzal: This Surah talks about the life after death and that all deeds will be exposed on the Day of Judgment.
  21. Surah al-'Adiyat: The Surah tells us the ungratefulness of man and where it leads him.  It describes the wild and unruly life style of the Arabs before Islam.  It also reminds us that Allah is aware of all the hidden secrets of human souls and He will expose them on the Day of Judgment.
  22. Surah al-Qari’ah: The Surah gives the warning about the Day of Judgment.  It will be the day of great clamour. People will be scattered and the mountains will crumble. Only those whose balance will be weighty will prosper.
  23. Surah al-Takathur: The Surah talks about the evil consequences of materialism and this worldliness.
  24. Surah al-‘Asr: The Surah tells us that human beings are generally losers.  Then it says what is the way to success and salvation.
  25. Surah al-Humazah: The Surah talks about some of the moral problems that affect the wealthy and then it gives them warnings of the consequences of these evils.
  26. Surah al-Fil: The Surah reminds about the event when the Ka’bah was attacked by an army from the Southern part of Arabia, but Allah destroyed this army. It is the same God who protected the Ka’bah, His message is now presented by Prophet Muhammad (saw).
  27. Surah Quraish:  It reminded the people of Makkah that it was Allah who gave them honour and prestige among other tribes due to His House, the Ka’bah, so why not worship Him and obey His command.  It is similarly a reminder to others to worship Allah who provides everything.
  28. Surah al-Ma’un: Religion means social service, helping the poor and needy.  The Surah tells us that the true belief in God and the last day create a kind and compassionate character.
  29. Surah al-Kawthar: The Surah gives good news and comfort that Allah’s message will prevail and the enemies of the truth will be the losers.
  30. Surah al-Kafirun: The Surah tells us that there cannot be any compromise in the matters of faith and worship. People are free to follow whatever religion they want, but the truth and falsehood cannot be mixed together.
  31. Surah an-Nasr: This is a Madani Surah and according to most of the authorities this is the last Surah that was revealed to the Prophet (saw). The Surah reminds about the attitude of the Believer in the situation of success.  One should be thankful to Allah and seek His forgiveness for any shortcomings or mistakes.
  32. Surah al-Lahab.  This Surah was revealed to condemn the behaviour of one of the relatives of the Prophet who stood against his message.  The Surah gives a warning that those who oppose the message of Allah, they will be severely punished, regardless whether they are of the family of the Prophet or not.
  33. Surah al-Ikhlas: This is a great Surah of Tawhid.  It speaks about the oneness of Allah.
  34. Surah al-Falaq:  The Surah reminds us that evil is lurching everywhere and any things can become harmful. One should always be conscious, do right things and seek Allah’s protection.
  35. Surah an-Nas: The Surah tells us that Satan is always against the human beings and he puts wrong suggestions in their minds.  We should seek Allah’s protection from Satan and his whisperings. This is a very appropriate ending for the Book of Allah. The Book of God is to provide protection from all evil and success under the guidance of Allah.

Friday, 7 December 2018

The importance of understand the Tafsir what we recite from the Quraan By Dr Abdul-Aziz Sadhaan

Taddabur keeps your storage healthy and fit

Every single Muslim reads the Quraan but very little amongst them study the Tafsir of the Quraan i.e the meanings of what they recite and little give concern to the Tafsir. And we ask Allah that he makes it easier for me and you from that small group who study and give importance to Tafsir. Some people memorize a Surah just merely the wordings but if we were to ask such people what is the meaning of such and such word or what we lessons can we take from this Ayah i.e what is it telling us? You may not find any such answer.

I mention this in order to encourage and urge those who are negligent of seeking to understand the meaning of what they recite. We advise and encourage such people to read the Tafsir of the Quraan.

Let me run you through a practice example like Surah Al-Ikhlaas which we've all memorized. If someone says what is the meaning of As-Samad in the Ayah Allahu As-Samad. 

Also Surah Al-Falaq whats the meaning of Min sharri Ghaasiqin Idhaa Waqab? So whats the meaning of Ghaasiq? Whats the meaning of Waqab?

Surah Al-Aadiyaat what is the meaning of the word Al-Mooriyaat? And what is the meaning of Al-Mugheeraat? Whats the meaning of Ad-Dabhaa? Whats the meaning of Al-Aadiyaat?

Surah At-Takweer so what is the meaning of Al-Khunnas? What is the meaning of Al-Jawaar? What is the meaning of Al-Kunnas?

Surah An-Naazi'aat what is the meaning of of As-Saahira?

The words of the likes of these Ayaat if we understand there meanings it will increase our understanding of the Quraan. So if we read the Tafsir or the views of the Mufassireen of these words or Ayaat it increase there desire to listen to the recitation of the Quraan.

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah says:

"The Prophet used to give concern in teaching his Sahaabah the meanings of the Quraan just as he used to give concern in teaching his Sahaabah its wordings."

So one just memorizes the Surah i.e its wordings like now in the Islamic world we have 1000's recitors of the Quraan they recite it with proper Makhaarij but however a Qaari of the Quraan in the time of the Salaf is the one who recites the Quran, understands its meaning and reflects over what he recites.

I advise the brothers to read tafsir of what he memorizes. So when you memorized Juz Amma then after that begin the study the Tafsir of Juz Amma. And we recommend the Tafsir of Shaykh As-Sa'dee which is from the best of the books of Tafsir.

Tuesday, 13 November 2018

That is the book in which there is no doubt by Shaykh Abdur-Rahman As-Sa'di

Allah says in the start of Surah Al-Baqarah:

"That is the book in which there is no doubt."
In his saying "That is the book" that is the great book in which contains information that the previous divine books doesn't contain of the great knowledge and the clear truth.

In his saying "In which there is no doubt" there is no doubt what so ever in any shape or form and the negation of doubt necessitates its opposite which is certainty. So this book contains knowledge, information that is certain and which removes and uplifts the doubts. The objective of the negation here is to establish a praiseworthy quality which must implicitly ellude to its opposite which is perfection because just merely negating something (without the implicit indication of perfection) is redundant and meaningless. Such a empty expression of negation doesn't contain any form of  praise.


Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fi Tafsir Kalaam Al-Mannaan, p26

Wednesday, 7 November 2018

Imam Maalik's relationship with the Qur'aan by Shaykh Saalih Al-Usaymee

Amongst the best means of extracting guildence and precious gems from the Quraan is reciting to very frequently.
Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim in his Muqadimah Jarh Wa Ta'deel relates from Abdullah Ibn Wahb:

"We was astonished how Imam Maalik used extract from the Qur'aan so we asked his sister so she said when he used to enter his house he wasn't occupied with anything other than reciting the Quraan."

If a person reads the Quraan with the intention of extracting guildence he will attain understanding of it in abundance as a result of his intention.


Tuesday, 6 November 2018

The difference between the word Allah and Ilaah by Shaykh Muhammad Ali Saabooni

The word "Allah" indicates that the one who only has the right to be worshipped.

As for the word "Ilaah" indicates some who could have the right to be worshipped or not. So on one hand it may refer to Allah or to other than him as oppose to the word "Allah" then this restricts worship to him only.

Source: Safwa At-Tafaasir  Vol. 1, Pg 20

Thursday, 1 November 2018

Tafsir of Ar-Rahman and Ar-Raheem by Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

Ar-Rahmaan (The most merciful)

It is a name meaning the one who is described with expansive, all encompassing mercy ie. the possessor of extensive mercy. Even the Arabic form upon which this name comes, concerning the rules of Arabic Conjugation indicates a sense of expansiveness, extensiveness and fullness. So one might say "A man is Ghadbaan." which is the same word pattern as Ar-Rahmaan this is not just the man is angry but is when he is filled up with anger. Any word that follows the word pattern of Fa'laan takes this connotation (like Ghadbaan, Ar-Rahmaan etc).
So Ar-Rahmaan means the one who has as his attribute very great and extensive mercy.

Ar-Raheem (The bestower of all Mercy)

It is a name meaning the one who bestows mercy on whomever he wills of his servants i.e one who is merciful to others. The Arabic form of the word indicates the occurrence of the action.

So here, mercy is one of Allah's characteristics or attributes proven by the name Ar-Rahmaan. Mercy also relates to his action bestowing mercy on the creation and this is indicated by his name

The particularities of Ar-Rahmaan

1. This is one of the names of Allah which exclusive to him nobody else may refer to themselves by Ar-Rahmaan.

2. Ar-Rahman refers to mercy in general (for the believers and the disbelievers).

3. Ar-Rahmaan is a description as well being a name of Allah.

4. Ar-Rahmaan refers to the one who has all-expansive mercy.

5.  Ar-Rahmaan refers to the attribute, adjective of mercy.

The particularities of Ar-Raheem

1. Ar-Raheem is one of the names of Allah

2. Ar-Raheem refers here to the action of mercy i.e granting mercy on others.

3. Ar-Raheem refers to the one who bestows mercy and is the source of all mercy.

4. The term Ar-Raheem can be applied to other Allah.

5. Ar-Raheem refers to the mercy that is specific to the believers

Saturday, 18 February 2017

The meaning of Bismillah by Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen

The statement of Allah: Bismillah (In the name of Allah) contains a preposition and object of the preposition which are both actually associated with a delayed, missing verb appropiate to the situation. Accordingly, if you say, "In the name of Allah," while you are beginning to eat, then the meaning with the missing verb included would be:
 "In the name of Allah, I eat."
 We say that there must be an associated missing verb because a preposition and the object of the preposition in arabic must both refer to an action. This delay of action or verb is deffered until after mentioning the name of Allah for two benefits;

  1. To seek the blessing of mentioning Allah's name first and foremost.
  2. A delayed action indicates that it is restricted, as if you are saying, "I do not eat in the name of anyone, seeking blessings and help by that name, except with the name of Allah."
We say the delayed missing word is a verb because action words are are verbs and this is known to the specialists of Arabic grammer and for this, nouns do not apply except with specific conditions.

We also said that it (the deferred, missing verb) is appropiate to the situation in which the statement is made because the statement itself indicates the intended verb which is according to the situation. For this reason, Allah's Messenger said specifying the verb:

"Whoever has not already slaughtered (his animal), then let him slaughter in the name of Allah." 
          (Al-Bukhaari no.985 and Muslim no.1970)

or he said: "Upon the name of Allah." 
         (Al-Bukhaari no.5500 and Muslim no.1970)

As for the word "Allah" is a proper name for the lord of all the creations. No one else is named with this name. It is the base origin of all the other names (of Allah) and all of them follow and describe this name.

Source: Funamentals of Tafseer by Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen p152-153

In the next post we shall discusses Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem inshallah.